The river port town of Cachoeira is a colonial jewel nestled in the valley of the Paraguaçu River, the main tributary that feeds into the western shore of the immense All Saints Bay. As a port, it was the main trading post between the agricultural hinterland and Salvador during sugar and tobacco booms, the fuels that fired the Portuguese economy. Cachoeira's impressive colonial architecture, particularly its fine examples of Baroque and Rococo churches, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and protected by the Brazilian National Monuments Commission. Briefly the capital of the country, steeped in history and a vibrant culture, especially African Brazilian traditions, Cachoeira is little visited, even by its neighbors from Salvador just 110 kms away. This is a great little town.